Pandemic is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide. A widespread endemic disease that is stable in terms of how many people are getting sick from it is not a pandemic. The world is connected on an unprecedented scale, and as a result the threat of global pandemics has increased exponentially. Traditionally, disease control efforts have reacted to outbreaks. These delayed response times are too slow for a global population that is always on the move. Pandemics such as HIV/AIDS and H1N1 spread from one region to the next at a speed inconceivable a century ago. Escalating the threat, viruses are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, rendering traditional preventative measures ineffective. It’s a new world in need of a new approach to disease control.
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