The original twelve apostles may be considered, with one exception (i.e. Judas), to be some of the most fortunate people that ever lived. Often referred to simply as “The Twelve,” they were chosen by Jesus Christ Himself, and actually lived and worked with Him during His Ministry.
The names of The Twelve are listed in 4 places in The Bible (Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, Luke 6:12-19, Acts 1:13) with some minor differences due to the various uses of first, family, or nicknames at different times.
More generally known as Peter. As Jesus walked beside the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and his brother Andrew casting a net into the lake, for they were fishermen.
Brother of Simon
Going on from there, he saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee, preparing their nets. Jesus called them,
The youngest of the deciples, See The Apostle John and The Island Of Patmos also he wrote “The Book of Revelations”
Like Andrew and Peter, was from the town of Bethsaida.
Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!
He was also called Didymus which is the Greek version of his name. Not easily convinced, he has the nickname “Doubting Thomas” because he wanted to actually see and touch Jesus after His Resurrection. and Thomas, who, though for a while an unbeliever with respect to the resurrection of Christ, was now fully assured of it, and, for the future, was unwilling to lose any opportunity of meeting with his risen Lord.
And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him.
James Known as James the Younger, or James the Less, he wrote the epistle which bears his name.
Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alpheus, and Lebbeus, whose surname was Thaddeus
Simon the Zealot The Zealots were a nationalistic sect with very strong political views. There seemed to be a wide variety of personalities among the apostles.
And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.
After The 12 Disciples
Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God. The first mention of Paul in Bible History was prior to his conversion when he was known as Saul, the Christian-hating Pharisee who fanatically took part in the persecution and killing of Christians.
Barnabas was a Levite. His actual name was Joseph, or Joses, but the apostles called him Barnabas which meant “son of encouragement,” or “son of consolation.”
Luke was the writer of the third, and longest, Gospel book. He seemed to have been the most formally-educated of the four Gospel writers, with perhaps the greatest sense of historic detail.
“John, also called Mark” (Acts 12:25), like a number of other apostles and disciples, was known by two names. Mark (Marcus) was his Roman name, and John was his Jewish name. He is called John in Acts 13:5,Acts 13:13, and Mark in Acts 15:39 and 2 Timothy 4:11. His Roman name was used as the title of his Gospel probably to avoid the confusion of having 2 Gospel books of John.